Syndromic Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections

Many healthcare facilities in developing countries lack the equipment and trained personnel required for etiological diagnosis of STIs (using laboratory tests to identify the causative agent). Where no laboratories or point-of-care diagnostic tests are available, a syndrome-based approach to the management of STI patients should be promoted. With the syndromic management approach, accessible, affordable, and effective management of individuals with STIs relies on utilization of flowcharts (algorithms) for each STI syndrome. The flowcharts enable diagnoses of common STI syndromes, provision of current country-specific appropriate treatment, and advice on the management of sexual partners. Preferably, the flowcharts should be based on local etiological and antimicrobial susceptibility data. Otherwise, WHO treatment recommendations should be used.

PAHO: Sexually Transmitted Infections

WHO: New STI Treatment Guidelines