The official formation of the Network took place in 2019 in Asunción, Paraguay, during a two-day meeting in which participated parliamentarians from Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Paraguay, and Peru, as well as experts from PAHO offices in Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, and Paraguay. Representatives from the Ministry of Health and the National Traffic and Traffic Safety Agency of Paraguay and Brazil were also present, as well as representatives of the Central American Parliament.
The Network is part of PAHO/WHO strategic efforts in the field to improve laws and their enforcement, but also call the attention of countries to the urgent need to increase efforts in the implementation of intersectoral measures that include: the improvement of infrastructure, public transportation policies, and the coordination of the work of authorities and control agencies so that these measures are implemented.
Since its creation, the Network has been chaired jointly by Senator Antonio Barrios, President of the Health Commission of the Paraguayan Senate, and Deputy Hugo Leal of the Federal Chamber of Deputies of Brazil and has the sponsorship and technical coordination of PAHO/WHO, represented by the Office of the Legal Counsel and the Department of Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health. In accordance with its operating rules (LINK TO PDF), the Presidency and Vice-Presidency of the Network are honorary, they are elected at its annual session for a period of two years and must rotate between different subregions of the Americas.