Belize is the only English-speaking country in Central America. It has a territory of 22,966 km2 and borders Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea. An estimated 31% of the population lives along the coast, with the remainder scattered widely throughout the country’s interior. Some 45% of the population is urban.
In 2015, Belize had a population of 375,900. Since 1990, the country’s population pyramid has maintained its expansive structure, although it is becoming stationary in the under-25 population due to lower fertility and premature mortality.
Life expectancy in 2015 was estimated at 73.7 years (71.1 for men and 76.6 for women).
Some 14.2% of the population is foreign-born. Belize is a small developing upper-middle-income country, with a GDP per capita of US$ 4,829 in 2016.
Its socioeconomic and health progress is reflected in a human development index score of 0.715 in 2015. The economy is dependent on agricultural exports.
(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)