After more than 3 years with no cases of cholera reported in Haiti, on 2 October 2022, the national authorities reported two confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae O1 in the greater Port-au-Prince area. As of 12 October, the Ministry of Health (MSSP) has reported 47 cases confirmed and 35 deaths in Ouest and Center Departments.
Civil unrest, lack of access to affected populations and fuel and logistics constrains are hindering the emergency response operations.
Difficulties accessing water presents a high risk to expand the epidemic to other departments in the country.
PAHO/WHO is working hand in hand with the Ministry of Health (MSPP) and other international agencies and partners in support of the National Cholera Response plan, which includes the following 5 pillars defined by health authorities:
▪ Laboratory and epidemiological surveillance
▪ Case management
▪ Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)
▪ Communications and community engagement ▪ Vaccination
▪ Crosscutting sectors logistics and coordination
To avoid the loss of life, PAHO/WHO is supporting the scale up of case management by providing lifesaving medical supplies to the MSPP and partners to open and run Cholera Treatment Centers (CTCs) in the most affected areas.