The rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents one of the greatest threats to human health today. Argentina’s National Institute of Infectious Diseases (INEI ANLIS–Malbrán) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) have been working together for more than two decades to strengthen AMR surveillance and detection capacities at the regional level.
The Malbrán Institute, a public agency under the Ministry of Health of Argentina, has a history of more than 100 years as a national and regional reference institution that conducts research on infectious diseases, working at world-class standards with a multidimensional approach that addresses several strategic areas: reference diagnosis, surveillance, applied research, laboratory quality assurance, training of human resources, and international technical cooperation.
The National Institute of Infectious Diseases (INEI), which is part of Malbrán's structure, is tasked with developing and promoting knowledge about AMR. It also provides support and shares experiences with other countries in the Region to develop and strengthen the technical capacities of laboratories in Argentina and the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean. Since 2020, these activities have expanded throughout the world.
The Institute has a long and technically extensive relationship with PAHO. Malbrán, as it is colloquially known, has been cooperating with PAHO/WHO as a Collaborating Center for more than 40 years, conducting research on diseases such as polio, tuberculosis, Chagas disease, and arbovirus infections. It has also made important contributions in the response to pandemics such as influenza A (H1N1) in 2009 and, most recently, COVID-19.