In addition to teaching about the disease, the intervention teams provided comprehensive education to strengthen the population’s autonomy, and their ability to resolve conflicts and manage resources, to help overcome intervention obstacles in these poor communities. One example of this work was the attempt to reestablish the concept of the minga, an ancestral form of collective agricultural work based on community objectives in which small family gardens are used to grow vegetables and raise chickens and laying hens. In addition to this initiative efforts were made to 1) improve sanitation and hygiene in the dwellings and communal spaces, and 2) raise the quality of the drinking water, nutrition, and social relations among the inhabitants.
Colombia’s Ministry of Health and Social Protection and National Health Institute participated throughout the process of eliminating 'river blindness', as the disease is commonly known in the country, by providing financial, technical, and human support. As described by OEPA, an agreement was made between the Colombian government and the Hospital de Occidente, in López de Micay, “for the construction and funding of the Naicioná Health Facility, the implementation of telemedicine services, and the delivery of books with health content for the school.”
As a result of one of the partnerships between the Health Secretariat of Cauca and OEPA, the endemic population was provided with a radiotelephone, motorized boats, and trained personnel to distribute the medicine and conduct the relevant entomologic, serologic, and parasitologic studies.
According to Colombia’s National Health Institute, political will to follow PAHO/WHO guidelines was a key aspect of the program’s success, along with project goals and corresponding strategies that were clearly established from the outset. The government expressed appreciation for “the organization, participation, and collaboration of the affected community,” and stressed the importance of the financial support provided by OEPA, which, “along with national and departmental resources, made it possible to sustain the activities needed to eliminate onchocerciasis.”
Rogelia Riascos, miembro y madre de la aldea de Naicioná, indicó: “antes éramos un pueblo olvidado y desde que llegó el programa hemos progresado; ya tenemos agua en nuestras casas, filtros de agua para consumirla sin riesgo de diarrea; se nos quitaron los piojos para siempre y también las raicitas (lombrices y gusanos intestinales); además, nuestros niños tienen una escuela y un puesto de salud más bonitos”.
As Rogelia Riascos, a mother in the village of Naicioná, explained: “Before, we were a forgotten village, but since the program came we have progressed. Now we have water in our houses, and water filters so that we can use it without risking diarrhea; they eliminated our lice for good, and also the raicitas (intestinal worms). Also, now our children have a very nice school and health facility.”