Depressive disorders are characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low selfworth, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness, and poor concentration. Depression can be longlasting or recurrent, substantially impairing an individual’s ability to function at work or school or cope with daily life. At its most severe, depression can lead to suicide.
Depression is the leading mental disorder in terms of morbidity and disability burden and it is twice as frequent in women as in men. It is estimated that more than 48 million people (4.7% of the population) are living with depression in the Region of the Americas, which led to 8.6% of all-cause years lived with disabilities. The prevalence of depression varies across countries from a low of 3.7% in Guatemala to 5.9% in the United States of America.
In the visualization, data are presented in five classes created using the equal intervals classification. The classes are coded in a sequential color scheme where the dark blue represents the class with the highest values.