Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) and mucosal (LM) are infectious diseases that affect the skin and mucous membranes.
They are caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and transmitted to animals and humans by vectors of the Psychodidae fly family. Its distribution is worldwide and about 1.5 million new cases are estimated to occur each year.
Among the 10 countries in the world with the highest number of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, four are in the Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua and Peru. Currently in this region an average of 55,000 cases of cutaneous and mucosal leishmaniasis and 27% of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis occur in border areas. Cutaneous leishmaniasis has been recorded in 20 countries, and is endemic in 18 of them (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, French Guyana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela), however, French Guyana reports its data directly to France.