Curaçao is located in the southern Caribbean Sea, 65 km north of Venezuela. It became an autonomous country within the Kingdom of The Netherlands in 2010, having been part of the Netherlands Antilles.

In 2016, Curaçao had 158,986 inhabitants, with a male/female ratio of 84:100, explained mainly by immigration, predominately by women, for employment purposes, especially in age groups of 30-60 years. Life expectancy is 74.8 years for men and 81.0 years for women.

The population grew by 7.7% from 1990 to 2015. In 1990, the population structure showed a slow expansionary trend. There is currently a higher concentration in the groups around 50 years of age, while population growth is stationary for groups under 40.

With a 2011 per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of US$ 27,781 (PPP), Curaçao is considered to have a high-income economy, with a standard of living among the highest in the Caribbean.

(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)