Dominica, the most northerly, largest, and mountainous of the Windward Islands, is located between Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south. The country stretches for just over 750 km2. Between 1990 and 2015, the population was relatively stable, reported as 69,665 in 2015. In 1990, the population structure was expansive, while in 2015, it had become stationary in groups under 45 years of age.

Between 1990 and 2010, there was a decrease in the proportion of children, adolescents, and young adults, and an increase in the proportion of people aged 60 and over.

Persons of African origin accounted for 84.7% of the population, down from 86.75% in the last 10 years. The indigenous Kalinago population, in contrast, grew by 26.5%, increasing to 3.7% of the population from 2.9% in 2001. The population of whites, or Caucasians, increased sharply, by 55%.

The economy is primarily based on agricultural exports, tourism, and manufacturing. However, it was seriously affected by Tropical Storm Erika in 2015 and is recovering slowly.

(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)