Among the most relevant achievements and challenges in public health for the Region were the elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome, the validation of Cuba as the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, and the arrival of the Zika virus.

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Among the most relevant achievements and challenges in public health for the Region were the elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome, the validation of Cuba as the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, and the arrival of the Zika virus.