The British Virgin Islands are a British Overseas Territory located in the northeastern Caribbean. They consist of some 50 islands, cays, rocky formations, and islets, with a total surface area of 59.3 mi.2. The largest islands are Tortola (21.5 mi.2), Anegada (15.2 mi.2), Virgin Gorda (8.5 mi.2), and Jost Van Dyke (3.2 mi.2).
In 2015, the population was 34,232, with 83% living on Tortola and 14% on Virgin Gorda. People born abroad represented approximately 60.3% of the population. The population aged 60 or over accounted for 13.3%.
Between 1990 and 2015, the population distribution became regressive, with a higher concentration in the middle-aged group compared with younger migrant workers. In 2015, the crude birth rate was estimated at 9.1 births per 1,000 population, and the crude death rate, 4.7 deaths per 1,000 population. Estimated life expectancy in 2015 was 79.8 years (77.1 in men and 78, 5 in women).
The annual gross national income (GNI) per capita was US$ 42,300 in 2010. The British Virgin Islands’ economy is based on tourism and international financial services, which together represent more than 70% of the territory’s gross domestic product (GDP).
(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)