Psychosocial problems and mental disorders are often heightened in disaster and emergency situations. The horrors, losses, and uncertainties experienced, as well as numerous other stressors related to these traumatic events, place people at greater risk of suffering from and being affected by mental health problems. Psychosocial support consists not only of care provided by the health services, but also encompasses multiple forms of support, including support and comfort from one’s family and community. These forms of support must be coordinated, and it is here that health systems should play a central role.
This document provides suggested evidence-based technical guidelines for the planning and implementation of psychosocial and mental health interventions in emergency and disaster settings.