Saint Lucia is an island nation in the Caribbean, located between Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. With a land area of 620 km2, it is divided into 11 districts. It is a parliamentary democracy and holds elections every 5 years.
The population was 172,255 in 2014, with 21.8% over the age of 60. The population pyramid is moving toward a regressive structure as a result of lower fertility and the reduction in premature deaths.
The population is mainly of African descent (85.3%), followed by those of mixed race (10.8%). Average life expectancy in 2016 was estimated at 77.8 years (75.0 in men, 80.7 in women).
Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 6,848 in 2014. The economy depends mainly on tourism (65% of GDP).
(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)