The Latin American and Caribbean Region is exposed to a wide variety of health emergencies and disasters (natural, man-made, biological, chemical, radiological and others) of increasing scale and frequency, which affect the Region each year. These events significantly impact populations' health and constitute a major challenge for Latin American and Caribbean countries in protecting their people’s well-being.
PAHO’s Response to Emergencies and Disasters is based on the incident management model. This model describes the particular way in which an organization and its various components should operate during an emergency situation and how an organization’s emergency procedures should be adapted in order to mitigate the incident’s impact to save lives.
Additionally, the EOC coordinates the Organization’s overall response and information, connecting all points of operations to ensure that the response to an emergency or disaster is timely and effective. The EOC is the center of operations for the entire Organization, regardless of the location or the nature of the emergency or disaster. At all times, the EOC attends to its permanently assigned tasks, a responsibility it continues to hold, to the extent possible, during crisis.